2. Università Di Bologna, Bologna, Italy

The world’s oldest university that still functions was probably founded in 1088. Its main campus in Via Zamboni takes you back in time with its cobblestone streets, pillared walkways and medieval red-brick buildings. Highlights of the University of Bologna are the 14th century Royal Spanish College and the 16th century Archiginnasio, especially renowned for its Anatomical Theatre; and the university’s botanical garden.