2. Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

The world's oldest facility for launching space vehicles is the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. It was from here that Yuri Gagarin took off as the first human being to venture into outer space in 1961. This location has been a backdrop not only in Star Trek but also in William Gibson's novels. You cannot only visit the space museum inside this facility, but can also see how the rockets are made.