8 Geographical Facts of Mexico ...


8 Geographical Facts of Mexico ...
8 Geographical Facts of Mexico ...

The geographical facts of Mexico will show there is more to this wonderful country than Mexico City and the beaches of Cancun and Acapulco. Enjoying a coastline on both the Pacific Ocean in the west and the Caribbean Sea in the east and a lovely warm climate, many visitors do indeed venture only to the Mexican seaside, but the interior holds some exciting attractions too. The places and locations that make up the geographical facts of Mexico make for some interesting visits.

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Highest Mountain

Highest Mountain These geographical facts of Mexico start off on a high point with Pico de Orizaba. This is the highest mountain in Mexico and holds the title of being the third highest on the North American continent. It towers over the country at a huge 5,636 metres above sea level. Pico de Orizaba is also a dormant stratovolcano, last erupting in the 19th century. It’s a popular place to visit on the borders of Puebla and Veracruz states.


Longest River in Mexico

Longest River in Mexico As neighbours, the geography of Mexico shares features with the US. The Rio Grande is the longest river in Mexico and is so vast and so winding it actually covers a huge part of both Mexico and the United States. It flows over the border for 1,896 miles and acts as a natural barrier between Coahuila, Tamaulipas, Chihuahua, Nuevo Leon, and the state of Texas.


The Rio Grande, known as the Río Bravo in Mexico, has deep cultural, historical, and ecological significance. This river isn't just a majestic natural wonder but also a lifeline to the regions along its path, nourishing arid landscapes and diverse ecosystems. It has long been central to agricultural and urban settlements due to its waters that sustain farming and provide resources for cities. The river’s importance extends beyond its physical presence, as it also symbolizes much of the intertwined heritage and complex relationship between Mexico and the United States.


Deepest Canyon

Deepest Canyon Copper Canyon is the deepest valley in Mexico but it isn’t actually a single canyon. It’s six canyons located in the Sierra Madre area of Chihuahua state. These vast canyons were formed by six rivers, which merge into the Rio Fuerte before travelling to the Sea of Cortez. In many areas, it’s deeper than the famous Grand Canyon of Arizona. What make this area so unique are its copper and green walls. Riding the railway in Copper Canyon is one of the best train trips in the world.


Largest Lake in Mexico

Largest Lake in Mexico Lake Chapala is the largest lake in Mexico. It stretches over a surface area of 1,100 square kilometers and includes a number of small islands. It’s located just to the southeast of Guadalajara and is a popular place for sailing boats. A total of four rivers feed the lake and its three islands. This is a regular destination for health care tourists in Guadalajara due to its calm waters and comparatively shallow depths.


Lake Chapala acts as a natural reservoir for the surrounding region, supporting agriculture and providing critical habitat for a variety of wildlife species. Its shores are dotted with charming towns like Chapala and Ajijic, which are renowned for their vibrant expatriate communities and rich cultural offerings, including art galleries, local crafts, and international cuisine. The lake is also key to local folklore, with many stories woven into the fabric of the communities that call its banks home. Health benefits attributed to its mild climate attract retirees and those seeking alternative wellness therapies.


Mexico City Altitude

Mexico City Altitude The altitude of Mexico City is a wonder to behold in itself. At its highest point it’s 3,930m above sea level, whilst its average elevation is 2,241m above sea level. Furthermore, a huge nine million people live in this high-rise city, in a confined area of just over 300 square miles. It’s one of the highest cities in North America, as well as the densest in Mexico.


Biggest Beach in Mexico

Biggest Beach in Mexico The longest beach in Mexico is easily the Playa Novillero. This beach stretches for 90 kilometres and is a stunning example of natural beauty and a wonderful place for vacations and water sports. The water is very shallow here and you can walk out into the sea for up to 100 metres quite safely.


Highest Waterfall in Mexico

Highest Waterfall in Mexico This submission into the list of geographical facts of Mexico is shaded in some controversy. The highest waterfall in Mexico, as written on this list, is Basaseachic Falls. It measures 246 metres in height. In 1994, the controversy started as the Cascada de Piedra Volada was found to be taller. The only problem is it’s only a waterfall for half of the year during the rainy season, so can it truly count?


Basaseachic Falls, also known as Cascada de Basaseachic, is truly a sight to behold nestled in the Copper Canyon region. It's part of the Parque Nacional Basaseachic at nearly 810 feet above the forested floor below, making it not only the highest—but one of the most breathtaking waterfalls in the country. On the other hand, Cascada de Piedra Volada soars to approximately 1,200 feet when it flows, surpassing Basaseachic by a significant margin. Though its ephemeral nature stirs debate, many argue that its seasonal magnificence should still be celebrated as a natural wonder of Mexico.


Hottest Place in Mexico

Hottest Place in Mexico The Sonora Desert is without doubt the hottest place in Mexico. The desert stretches over a vast area of North America, including multiple American and Mexican states. The temperature varies significantly, but one of the highest recorded temperatures was near the Mexican tip where it was 134 degrees Fahrenheit in the shade. It’s also a popular place for illegal immigration to the United States, which often leads to human fatalities.

I would say that most of the geographical facts of Mexico aren’t especially remarkable, but they add to the delights of this gem of a place and show there really is so much more than stunning beaches to enjoy here. What's your favorite thing to see or do in Mexico?

Feedback Junction

Where Thoughts and Opinions Converge

Makes me want to go there!

Beautiful photos!

A must go! Dot let the heat scare you, it's dry so no sticky ugly weather.

We r learning about Mexico

Sonora is the place to be!!! I lived there 12 years. Honestly it allows you to experience one of the most beautiful sunrises, and when the sun is coming down it is just amazing. Sonora is one of the few Deserts in the world that rains, and it had beautiful cities and culture.

I'm proud to be Mexican :) I live in NC and going to Mexico City this whole summer! I'm excited to have some places in mind to possibly go now :) thank you!

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