As a huge country, the places of geographical fact in the USA are going to be significant on a national and global scale. The superlatives of US geography are also going to be up there with the tallest, longest, deepest, widest etc, in the world. Here are 7 key places of geographical fact in the USA.
1. Mount McKinley
Here's one of the most interesting places of geographical fact in the USA. The tallest mountain in America situated about 130 miles from Anchorage is close to the center of the Alaska Range and boasts two summits with the highest being 20,320 feet (6,194 metres). The Athabasca Indians refer to it as Denali, ”The high one” or “Great one,” and it is known to the Russians as “Great Mountain” or Bolshaya Gora. The upper half of the mountains have a permanent covering of snow that helps serve as supply points for various glaciers, some more than 30 miles (48 kilometres) long. Records show that English navigator George Vancouver made the first sighting of Mount McKinley in 1794, and the first attempt to climb it by James Wickersham in 1903 ended in failure.
2. Lake Superior
The largest lake in America is set in some of the most magnificent surroundings in the world, including shrouded hills, deep canyons and, in the autumn, colors that inspired the Group of Seven artists from Canada. Lake Superior by volume is the third largest freshwater lake in the world, bound by the Canadian Province of Ontario and the American State of Minnesota on the north side and by Wisconsin and Michigan to the south. The lowest depth of the lake recorded on July 30 1985 was 733 feet (223 metres) below sea level and it is the lowest point of the American continental interior. During storms, the waves created on the lake have reached heights of more than 30 feet (9 metres).
3. Missouri River
The longest river in America and generally known as the "Big Muddy" was, in the past and before transformation to meet the needs of the populace, renowned for its shifting channels, destructive flooding and served as a mode of travel for people and wildlife. The river follows a course generally south and east and enters the Mississippi River in the area of St. Louis, Missouri. The face of the Continental glacier caused its course through central South Dakota with its origin arising from the combining of the Gallatin, Jefferson and Madison rivers in the region of Three Forks, Montana. The Missouri River basin includes more than 338.5 million acres with a terrain that extends from the eastern slope of the Rocky Mountains to the rich soil of the central prairies.
4. Mojave Desert
The hottest place in America is like all deserts, renowned for its heat in summer. However, generally overlooked is the unusual occurrence of snow in winter that falls in certain parts of the Mojave! The desert is partly contained on the western side by the mountain ranges of Tehachapi, San Gabriel and San Bernardino, with the boundaries of the mountain ranges significant because the San Andreas and Garlock faults created them. The Mojave desert has less than 6 inches of rain each year, with the hottest point recorded in North America being Death Valley, reaching 120°F during late July and August. The average temperatures of the Mojave are between 95°-105° during summer and about 20°- 30°F in the winter period. These features make it an interesting place of geographical fact in the USA.
5. Wrangell-St. Elias Park
The largest national park in America was named after a volcano that last erupted in 1911. With a land area of 13.2 million acres, the park is larger than Switzerland and extends from Mount Elias, which at 18,008 feet is one of the highest peaks in North America, to the ocean. The park, although rugged, provides natural features that are diverse and contributed to by volcanoes, glaciers and plate tectonics to form a magnificent landscape. If the protected land adjacent to the park is included then this area becomes the largest piece of protected land in the world. It is unspoilt and wild, making it the ideal outdoor adventure and close to nature experience. Many millions of years ago, the enormous ranges of mountains in Alaska were lifted when the Pacific plate collided with the North American plate. Today, they are the impressive snow-covered mountain peaks, plateaus and valleys that are part of the largest national park in America.
6. Owens Valley
The deepest valley in America lies in the eastern part of California, about four hours from Los Angeles. It is a lengthy valley with enormous mountain ranges on each side. Here is found the bristlecone pine, the recorded oldest living entity. The soaring mountain peaks on either side of the valley reach heights over 14,000 feet (1,200 metres) and include Mount Witney, one of the highest peaks in America. The shadow cast over Owens Valley by the Sierra Nevada is the origin of its other name “the Land of Little Rain.” The valley is the provider of water to the Los Angeles Aqueduct, which is the source of half the water for the city.
7. Colonial Creek Falls
The highest waterfall in America, estimated at 2,585 feet, is more than the combined height of the Empire State Building and the Eiffel Tower. This magnificent creation of nature has an average width of 50 feet and is situated in the North Cascades National Park of Washington state. The belief of various experts is that the Colonial Creek falls are as much as 159 feet higher than the Yosemite Falls, frequently cited as being the highest in Continental America at 2,425 feet. The falls are generally regarded as being a preferred perennial tourist spot, but the recommendation for observing the best water flow is between June and October.
I hope you’ve enjoyed this short tour around the facts of US geography and the places that top the list of the features that we usually like to measure as being big, tall, short, long, wide, narrow, deep, hot and cold. Have you visited any of these places of geographical fact in the USA? Let me know about your experiences.