2. Al Maghtas, Jordan

According to biblical descriptions, and potentially backed up by archaeological evidence, the east bank of the Jordan River may have been the place where Jesus was baptized by John the Baptist. The Jordan River site has only been accessible to visitors and archaeologists for 21 years, after Jordan signed a peace accord with Israel and its Palestinian neighbors. Since then, this latest UNESCO site has yielded amazing finds, such as a 3rd-century church where pilgrims were presumably baptized and a cave, where John the Baptist reputedly lived. Also many ancient Roman and Byzantine remains have been found.