2. Brazil

The huge South American country of Brazil became a Portuguese colony in 1500. There was not an advanced civilization before Portuguese culture was established. Independence by Latin-American standards was relatively easy for Brazil when in 1808 the Portuguese Queen and Regent escaped to Rio because of the invasion by the French of Portugal. The reported population of Brazil is around 194 million and they communicate in the official language of Portuguese, with Spanish, English and French. Their customs are displayed in amazing carnivals, many having their roots in Portuguese culture and they have a passion for soccer. Some of the carnivals are related to various religious beliefs with the Roman Catholics forming about 73.6% of the population and Protestants 15.4%. Brazil experiences extreme disparity in education, wealth, opportunities and income.